The Road Not Taken
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth.
Then took the other, as just as fair,
And having perhaps the better claim,
Because it was grassy and wanted wear;
Though as for that the passing there
Had worn them really about the same.
And both that morning equally lay
In leaves no step had trodden black.
Oh, I kept the first for another day!
Yet knowing how way leads on to way,
I doubted if I should ever come back.
I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I–
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.
The Pope has signalled a historic shift in the position of the Roman Catholic Church by saying condoms can be morally justified.
Telegraph – By Jonathan Wynne-Jones, Religious Affairs Correspondent
After decades of fierce opposition to the use of all contraception, the Pontiff has ended the Church’s absolute ban on the use of condoms.
He said it was acceptable to use a prophylactic when the sole intention was to “reduce the risk of infection” from Aids.
While he restated the Catholic Church’s staunch objections to contraception because it believes that it interferes with the creation of life, he argued that using a condom to preserve life and avoid death could be a responsible act – even outside marriage.
Asked whether “the Catholic Church is not fundamentally against the use of condoms,” he replied: “It of course does not see it as a real and moral solution. In certain cases, where the intention is to reduce the risk of infection, it can nevertheless be a first step on the way to another, more humane sexuality.”
He stressed that abstinence was the best policy in fighting the disease but in some circumstances it was better for a condom to be used if it protected human life…
The Pope’s comments in the book, Light of the World, are likely to be welcomed by Catholic leaders in the West who have struggled to explain its current teaching.
Asked last year whether a married Catholic couple should use condoms where one of them had Aids, Archbishop Vincent Nichols, head of the Church in England and Wales, disclosed the confusion over the issue. “Obviously that’s a sensitive point and obviously there are different views on that,” he said…
Le Figaro (English Translation)
The pediatrician and member Edwin UMP Antier filed a new bill to fight against the humiliation of children.
Punishing children will soon be banned by law? Parents will now have to weigh every word before berating their rascals? A year after this bill against smacking – remained a dead letter – the pediatrician and member Edwin Antier UMP comes to record a new version of the text by expanding the fight against psychological violence against children. “My project was inspired by the law against violence against women which created the crime of spousal emotional abuse, said the member. She opened the door to my proposal. “
While we celebrate the anniversary Saturday of the signing of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Dr. Antier believes that France is not current on child protection. On the recommendation of the Council of Europe, a score of European countries prohibit corporal punishment. So she proposes to put a law in the Civil Code (not in the Penal Code) to specify that “holders of parental authority are not allowed to use physical violence, to impose mental distress or use any other form of humiliation of the child. ” This ban would be appropriate to expectant parents during their marriage and entered in the health record of the child, according to Articles 2 and 3 of its proposal.
At the time of the first draft “anti-spanking,” critics had gone wild. Jokes too. “Since then, the idea made its way into the mindset,” said Edwin Antier who obtained the co-signature of twenty members. Among them, the former French judoka David Douillet, UMP Yvelines past year. “He was sensitive to the text as a child he himself has suffered humiliation on the part of a school teacher,” says Edwin Antier. Another unexpected support, that of Herve Mariton, UMP deputy known for his commitment to family values. “This is not a statutory ban on spanking, he says. It is recalled that education is given authority and violence is not the right path of authority. “The bill also leaves a large part in interpretation. “A slap on the hand is not the best solution but it is not violence, according to Herve Mariton. Any punishment is not humiliation. Any reprimand is not violence. “
Despite this support, the project continues to annoy many professionals in early childhood, family associations and policies. The pediatrician Aldo Naouri not hesitate to speak of “nonsense”. The child psychiatrist Marcel Rufo proves égalementcritique. “The pernicious effect of this legislation is trying to impose an image of perfect parents. We are all parents and that means no use of blaming those who are struggling, says the specialist youth. All parents can say mean things. From time to time, we have the right not to bear his child, to find it painful. “
A text considered “redundant”
Specialist child and adolescent psychoanalyst Philippe Jeammet concerned that the text “provides an additional weapon for divorced or separated parents who fight to the detriment of the child.” At its like, number of opponents to the policy of the hands, however, consider it inappropriate to “legislate everything.” “This text seems redundant, especially compared to the 1958 ordinance on the protection of children,” said the magistrate Georges Fenech, Chairman of the Interministerial Mission of Vigilance and Combat against Sectarian. “The texts are confused, argues Edwin Antier. The rearing violence is not considered a problem. An old case law provides that a right of correction. “
There remains the delicate question of the definition of humiliation and psychological abuse. “These words and actions that seek to intentionally injure,” according to the member. Any punishment is it not necessarily offensive? “A parent may punish him for getting a message but without diminishing the child,” insists Edwin Antier. For the pediatrician, parents should simply send the children alone in their room in case of stupidity and, in adolescence, explaining the consequences of their actions.
Robert Leroy Johnson (May 8, 1911 – August 16, 1938) was an American blues singer and musician. His landmark recordings from 1936–1937 display a remarkable combination of singing, guitar skills, and songwriting talent that have influenced generations of musicians. Johnson’s shadowy, poorly documented life and death at age 27 have given rise to much legend, including a Faustian myth.
Johnson’s songs, vocal phrasing and guitar style have influenced a broad range of musicians; Eric Clapton has called Johnson “the most important blues singer that ever lived”. Johnson was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as an “Early Influence” in their first induction ceremony in 1986. He was ranked fifth in Rolling Stone’s list of 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time.
Robert Johnson was born in Hazlehurst, Mississippi, probably on May 8, 1911 or 1912, to Julia Major Dodds (born October 1874) and Noah Johnson (born December 1884). Julia was married to Charles Dodds (born February 1865), a relatively prosperous landowner and furniture maker with whom she gave birth to 10 children. Dodds had been forced by a lynch mob to leave Hazlehurst following a dispute with white landowners. Julia herself left Hazlehurst with baby Robert, but after some two years, sent him to live in Memphis with Dodds, who had changed his name to Charles Spencer.
Around 1919, Robert rejoined his mother in the area around Tunica and Robinsonville, Mississippi. Julia’s new husband was known as Dusty Willis; he was 24 years younger than she. Robert was remembered by some residents as “Little Robert Dusty.” However, he was registered at the Indian Creek School in Tunica as Robert Spencer. He is listed as Robert Spencer in the 1920 census with Will and Julia Willis in Lucas, Arkansas, where they lived for a short time. Robert was at school in 1924 and 1927 and the quality of his signature on his marriage certificate suggests that he studied continuously and was relatively well educated for a boy of his background. One school friend, Willie Coffee, has been discovered and filmed. He recalls that Robert was already noted for playing the harmonica and jaw harp.
After school, Robert adopted the surname of his natural father, signing himself as Robert Johnson on the certificate of his marriage to sixteen-year-old Virginia Travis in February 1929. She died shortly after in childbirth.
Around this time, the noted blues musician Son House moved to Robinsonville where his musical partner, Willie Brown, already lived. Late in life, House remembered Johnson as a boy who had followed him around and tried unsuccessfully to copy him. But when House moved to Robinsonville in 1930, Johnson was a young adult, already married and widowed. Johnson then left the Robinsonville area, reappearing after a few months with a miraculous guitar technique. He was living near Hazlehurst when he married for the second time.
From this base Johnson began travelling up and down the Delta as an itinerant musician.
According to legend, as a young black man living on a plantation in rural Mississippi, Robert Johnson was branded with a burning desire to become a great blues musician. He was “instructed” to take his guitar to a crossroad near Dockery Plantation at midnight. There he was met by a large black man (the Devil) who took the guitar and tuned it. The “Devil” played a few songs and then returned the guitar to Johnson, giving him mastery of the instrument. This was, in effect, a deal with the Devil mirroring the legend of Faust. In exchange for his soul, Robert Johnson was able to create the blues for which he became famous.
Johnson seems to have claimed occasionally that he had sold his soul to the Devil, but it is not clear that he meant it seriously, and these claims are strongly disputed in Tom Graves’ biography of Johnson, Crossroads: The Life and Afterlife of Blues Legend Robert Johnson, published in 2008. The crossroads detail was widely believed to come from Johnson himself, probably because it appeared to explain the discrepancy in “Cross Road Blues“. Johnson’s high emotion and religious fervor are hard to explain as resulting from the mundane situation described, unsuccessful hitchhiking as night falls. The crossroads myth offers a simple literal explanation for both the religion and the anguish.
In “Me And The Devil” he began, “Early this morning when you knocked upon my door/Early this morning, umb, when you knocked upon my door/And I said, ‘Hello, Satan, I believe it’s time to go,'” before leading into “You may bury my body down by the highway side/You may bury my body, uumh, down by the highway side/So my old evil spirit can catch a Greyhound bus and ride.”
The song “Crossroads” by British psychedelic blues rock band Cream is a cover version of Johnson’s “Cross Road Blues”, about the legend of Johnson selling his soul to the Devil at the crossroads, although Johnson’s original lyrics (“Standin’ at the crossroads, tried to flag a ride”) suggest he was merely hitchhiking rather than signing away his soul to Lucifer in exchange for being a great blues musician.
“Right to die” law announced by government
EL PAÍS – ANA ALFAGEME, Madrid
Deputy PM stresses bill “will not authorize euthanasia”
Terminally ill patients in Spain will soon be able to die with dignity under heavy sedation when the government introduces a national “right to die” law next year.
In making the announcement after Friday’s Cabinet meeting, Deputy Prime Minister Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba was at pains to clarify that the Socialist government wasn’t planning on drafting a euthanasia law. The proposed bill will allow the families of terminally ill patients and doctors to decide whether to administer drugs that alleviate pain, allowing the person to die in the short term.
The entitled Law of Palliative Care and Dignified Death will be ready by March, Rubalcaba said. “Everyone has been in this type of situation,” he said. “It occurs when you are in the hospital ward and the doctor comes to tell you that a loved one — a mother, a brother or wife — is in a bad way and that their death is imminent. And so what is worse is our fear that they are going to suffer between now and the time they die and we ask the doctor if there is anything he can do.”
In a recent survey, 97.3 percent of health professionals said they favored this practice even though heavy sedatives are known to cut short a patient’s life. Andalusia is the only region in Spain which has introduced a measure to regulate the right to die, and the government has said it will study how that law is functioning.
The Socialists had pledged in its 2004 government platform to create a parliamentary commission to draft a euthanasia law but never carried out the pledge. There have been a series of controversial cases in Spain where individuals have had to go outside the law in order to end their suffering.